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1 décembre 2012 6 01 /12 /décembre /2012 12:34

Alexander Graham Bell

 

alexander_graham_bell_Wavumbuye-Telephone.jpg

  • Occupation: Inventor
  • Born: March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Died: August 2, 1922 in Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Best known for: Inventing the telephone

Biography:

Alexander Graham Bell is most famous for his invention of the telephone. He first became interested in the science of sound because both his mother and wife were deaf. His experiments in sound eventually let him to want to send voice signals down a telegraph wire. He was able to get some funding and hire his famous assistant Thomas Watson and together they were able to come up with the telephone. The first words spoken over the telephone were by Alex on March 10, 1876. They were "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you".

It turns out that other scientists had similar ideas. Bell had to race to the patent office in order to get his patent in first. He was first and, as a result, Bell and his investors had a valuable patent that would change the world. They formed the Bell Telephone Company in 1877. There have been many mergers and name changes over the years, but this company is known today as AT&T.

Where did Alexander Graham Bell grow up?

Bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He grew up in Scotland and was initially homeschooled by his father who was a professor. He later would attend high school as well as the University of Edinburgh.

 

Did Alexander Graham Bell only invent the telephone?

Bell actually had many inventions and did experimentation in many areas of science. Some of these include:

  • The Metal Detector - Bell invented the first metal detector which was used to try and find a bullet inside of President James Garfield.
  • Audiometer - A device used to detect hearing problems.
  • He did experimental work on aeronautics and hydrofoils.
  • He invented techniques which helped in teaching speech to deaf persons.
  • He made a device to help find icebergs.

Fun Facts about Alexander Graham Bell

  • Bell made the first transcontinental telephone call on January 15, 1915. He called Thomas Watson from New York City. Watson was in San Francisco.
  • He helped form the National Geographic Society.
  • Bell did not like to have a telephone in his study as he found it intrusive!
  • He did not get the middle name Graham until he was 10 years old, when he asked his father to give him a middle name like his brothers.
  • At his wife's request, Bell went by the nickname Alec.
  • Upon his death, every phone in North America was silenced for a short period to honor him.

Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone never telephoned his wife or his mother because they were both deaf.

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Published by Oliver - dans Technology
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